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한국과학사학회지, 제42권 제2호 (2020), 431-447

[Special Issue] The Politics of Science in Korean Biology: From the DMZ Ecological Survey to the Nature Con-servation Movement

by MOOM Manyong
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초록 This paper examines the work of Korean biologists during the Cold War. I concen-trate on the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) ecological survey, which was conducted in cooperation with the Smithsonian Institution in the mid-1960s. Korea’s DMZ, a legacy of the Korean War (1950-53), was recognized as a wildlife repository in the first ecological survey. The Smithsonian delegates, however, had different expec-tations and intentions from the Korean biologists who were conducting the survey. The project ended as a preliminary survey that never advanced to the next stage of research because of the military tension between North and South Korea. None-theless, this made it possible for the Korean biologists an opportunity to present their work to Korean public and receive government support for biological research in the 1970s under the auspices of nature conservation. While tracing the process and results of the joint ecological survey, I will investigate the role of United States partners in the growth of Korean biology, and the strategies adopted by the Korean biologists.
주요어 Politics of science, DMZ ecological survey, nature conservation movement, Kore-an biologists

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