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한국과학사학회지, 제41권 제3호 (2019), 387-415

조선 후기 유학자들의 “천원술(天元術)”: 산학원본(算學原本)과 산학본원(算學本源)을 중심으로

by 오영숙
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초록 It is well-known to historians of mathematics in East Asia that the tianyuan shu 天元術 was one of the distinct features of mathematics in the late Joseon period. Joseon Confucian scholars’ studies on the tianyuan shu have yet to be analyzed. From the late seventeenth to the early eighteenth century, there were two extant mathematical works by Korean Confucian scholars concerning the tianyuan shu: Sanhak wonbon 算學原本 by Bak Yul (朴繘, 1621-1668) and Sanhak bonwon 算學本源 by Hwang Yun-seok (黃胤錫, 1729-1791). By analyzing these two works, this paper examines the characteristics of their views and interpretations of the tianyuan shu. The Confucian authors extended the usage of the tianyuan shu into other mathematical fields to which it had never been applied before. They also preferred to use mathematical tables that showed the relationships between the numbers popping up during the performance of the method or the visual diagrams that explained the algorithms.
주요어 tianyuan shu, Sanhak wonbon, Sanhak bonwon, Joseon Korea, confucian scholar

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