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한국과학사학회지, 제41권 제3호 (2019), 273-312

중독의 신경 과학과 자유 의지, 그리고 법적 책임: 한국 담배 소송에서의 금연과 중독

by 이두갑
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초록 In 1999, Gum-Ja Bae, inspired by a successful wave of American tobacco litigations in the 1990s, filed a civil lawsuit against KT&G Corporation, a state-sanctioned monopoly for tobacco and ginseng products. This paper examines the history of Korean tobacco litigation by looking at the trans-Pacific circulation of biomedical knowledge and legal strategies. It focuses on the question of addiction, individual choice, and legal responsibility in Korean tobacco litigation, analyzing how the neuroscience of addiction was mobilized for the co-construction of medical knowledge and legal responsibility. The Korean plaintiffs claimed that the neuroscience of addiction—the biological and psychological process of mood alterations, tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms—pointed to the loss of control in nicotine use, placing the burden of responsibility squarely on the tobacco industry. The Korean tobacco industry, however, underscored that nicotine did not cause intoxication that would hamper smokers’ ability to act rationally with respect to risks associated with cigarettes. The Korean tobacco industry thus mobilized the multinational tobacco industry’s construction of the notion of quitting that stigmatized smokers as weak, irrational, and addictive individuals. In the end, the South Korean court exempted the Korean tobacco industry from responsibility, amplifying the defendant’s stigmatization of smokers and their responsibility of risk-taking.
주요어 Korean tobacco litigation, nicotine, addiction, neuroscience, legal responsibility

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