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한국과학사학회지, 제40권 제3호 (2018), 527-550

[기획] 생태계의 사회주의적 개조: 북한의 폐흡충 박멸 사업, 1955-1961

by 곽희환, 김옥주, 정준호
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초록 For centuries, the Korean peninsula was a major endemic area of Paragonimiasis. North Korea, which had many major endemic foci, focused on the eradication of Paragonimiasis since the early days of nation-building. During the period of the first economic development plan, Paragonimiasis became one of the main obstacles for the development of North Korea, as it degraded labor power. In 1995, North Korean parasitologists adopted the “Devastation” method from the USSR. This was “aggressive prevention through attacking and eradicating every possible developmental stages of parasite from egg, larvae to adults.” Completion of the agricultural cooperative and the socialist economic system in 1958 allowed mass mobilization in the rural areas. North Korea conducted an intensive eradication effort through mass mobilization of women and students. They captured dozens of tons of intermediate host snails and carried out comprehensive hydrotechnical engineering projects on the river ecosystem. Paragonimiasis prevention dispensaries were established in each village to provide mandatory treatment to residents. As a result of this program, North Korea declared the eradication of Paragonimiasis in 1961. This program, implemented during the socialist nation-building period, was not only a socialist remodeling of the production system and people’s ideology, but also a wider remodeling of the ecosystem that provided the physical basis for socialist life.
주요어 Paragonimiasis, North Korea, ecosystem, eradication program, mass mobilization, socialism

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