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한국과학사학회지, 제40권 제3호 (2018), 479-499

[기획] 북한 천리마 운동과 보건 의료 인력의 동원, 1956-1961

by 고요한, 김옥주, 정준호
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초록 In the late 1950s, the Chollima Movement began as a means to overcome economic constraints facing North Korea. From 1957 to 1960, with mass mobilization through the Chollima movement, North Korea managed to complete the first Five-year National Development Plan ahead of schedule, which was originally planned to be completed in 1961. From this experience, the Chollima Movement became a distinct ideology of North Korea. As stated in Article 13 of the Constitution (1972), the Chollima Movement was a broad ideology that applied not only to economic production but also to all social sectors. Before the Chollima Movement, the major role of healthcare workers was to maximize labor capacity. However, as healthcare workers were actively mobilized into industrial fields, their duty shifted from supporting labor to monitoring workers and active participation in the Chollima Movement. Also, close medical monitoring by healthcare workers allowed the Workers’ Party to intervene in industrial workers outside the factory. From 1959, healthcare workers became active participants in the Chollima Movement and Technical Innovation. This movement maximized the availability of healthcare resources that allowed the implementation of a socialized healthcare system in North Korea from 1961.
주요어 Chollima Movement, healthcare workers, mobilization, North Korea, technical innovation, labor capacity

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